The DRDO laboratory in Dehradun will develop a coastal and port surveillance system: The Tribune India

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Vijay Mohan

Tribune press service

Chandigarh, July 21

As part of ongoing efforts to strengthen maritime security, the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) is developing a new electro-optical system for coastal and port surveillance.

The system, being developed by Instruments Research and Development Establishment, Dehradun, will include thermal imagers and optical cameras to detect and track targets and provide the necessary inputs for decision making.

The all-weather, day and night compatible system will be installed at strategic locations along the coastline, including near ports and harbors, to monitor maritime traffic as well as other seagoing vessels. It will be monitored. remotely and will be operated by the Indian Coast Guard.

According to DRDO sources, the detection range of the electro-optical system should reach 25 kilometers or more and it should be able to identify a target at a distance of at least eight kilometers, in addition to being able to automatically track multiple targets like small as a boat 5 meters long.

India has a coastline of 7,516 km along the mainland and islands covering 13 states and union territories. In addition to large, densely populated cities, a large number of strategic and commercially vital facilities such as naval bases, nuclear power plants, missile and satellite launch centers, shipbuilding docks, oil refineries, industrial units and the ports are located on or near the coast. There are 13 major ports and over 200 minor ports in India which handle 90 percent of trade.

India’s coasts have always been vulnerable to anti-national activities such as the smuggling of weapons, explosives, smuggling and drugs as well as the infiltration of terrorists. In 1993 the sea route was said to have been used for smuggling explosives for the explosions in Mumbai while in 2008 it was used to infiltrate terrorists for the terrorist attacks in the same city.

After the 2008 attacks, coastal security was reviewed by the central government and several new measures were recommended which were to be implemented gradually. Some of them are still on fire due to administrative, technical or financial problems.

Coastal security in peacetime in Indian territorial waters is the responsibility of the Indian Coast Guard. A surveillance mechanism, called the Coastal Surveillance Network (CSN), made up of a chain of static sensors with radars, an automatic identification system, day / night cameras and weather sensors at 46 locations along the coastline and islands was established. In addition, there are 34 radar stations for surveillance.

The Indian Navy has established four Joint Operations Centers (JOCs) in Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Kochi and Port Blair, from which all coastal security operations are coordinated. These are manned around the clock by navy and coast guard teams and are also networked with state police and other agencies such as the intelligence office, customs and port authorities. .


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